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Understanding Sciatic Pain: Causes and Effective Treatments


Sciatic pain, also known as sciatica, is a common and often debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by a sharp, shooting pain that radiates along the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down through the buttocks, legs, and into the feet. In this blog, we will delve into what sciatic pain is, its common causes, and the various treatments available to alleviate this discomfort.

Understanding Sciatic Pain

The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the human body, and it plays a vital role in connecting the spinal cord to the legs and feet. When this nerve becomes compressed or irritated, it can lead to the sensation of pain, weakness, or numbness along its pathway. Sciatic pain is not a medical condition in itself but rather a symptom of an underlying issue.  This pain can feel like a tightness, dull, achy, tingly, numb, sharp, or shock-like.

sciatica nerve illustration

Common Causes of Sciatic Pain

Herniated Disc: One of the most prevalent causes of sciatica is a herniated or slipped disc. The intervertebral discs that cushion the spinal vertebrae can bulge or rupture, putting pressure on the adjacent nerves, including the sciatic nerve.

Spinal Stenosis: This condition involves the narrowing of the spinal canal, which can compress the nerve roots, including the sciatic nerve. It is more common in older individuals.

Piriformis Syndrome: The piriformis muscle, located in the buttocks, can sometimes irritate or compress the sciatic nerve, leading to pain. This is known as piriformis syndrome and is far less common than most people think.

Trauma or Injury: A sudden injury, such as a fall or car accident, can damage the spine or surrounding tissues, causing sciatic pain.

Spondylolisthesis: This condition occurs when one vertebra slips forward over another, which can pinch the sciatic nerve and result in pain.  This is also rare in presentation.

Tumors: Although very rare, tumors in the spine or nearby structures can press against the sciatic nerve and cause pain.

Treatments for Sciatic Pain

Chiropractic Care and Physical Therapy: Spinal manipulation can help improve joint motion, taking stress off of the injured joint, and subsequently the nerve.  Additionally, the most powerful treatment for sciatic pain is McKenzie Diagnosis and Therapy exercises.  These are specific range of motion (ROM) exercises with the spine that help take pressure off of the nerve.  The ROM necessary depends on each patient and condition creating the pain.  Lastly, specific exercises for stability, ROM, and nerve tension can help alleviate pressure on the nerve and strengthen supporting muscles.

Acupuncture/Dry Needling:  Acupuncture is an ancient therapy that has been proven to relieve symptoms and promote healing.  Dry needling is a form of acupuncture that targets the tissue of injury and trigger points.  Utilizing this technique can help reduce inflammation, reduce tension or trigger points, and promote healing.

Rest: Taking a break from activities that exacerbate pain can provide relief.  However, rest doesn’t necessarily mean sitting and lounging around.  Often, movement is needed to help sciatic pain depending on the cause of it.  Rest means, taking a break from aggravating activities. 

Supplementation:  Turmeric/Curcumin is an herb that has been proven to reduce the inflammatory response.  Inflammation is a normal reaction of the body to promote healing, however, when out of control can create more pain.  Taking this supplement is a gentle way to reduce inflammation before utilizing medications.  To get the most benefit out of turmeric, it is necessary to have a high-quality product.  Please contact us for recommendations if needed.

Medications:  Non-prescription anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen can help manage pain and inflammation.  Please consult your physician for recommendations on dosing.  Prescription pain medications and anti-inflammatory medications are also sometimes needed.

Epidural Steroid Injections: In cases of severe pain, a healthcare provider may recommend epidural steroid injections to reduce inflammation around the affected nerve roots.

Surgical Intervention: When conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgery may be considered. Common surgical options include discectomy (removal of the herniated disc), laminectomy (removing a portion of the vertebra to relieve pressure), or spinal fusion (joining vertebrae together).


Preventing sciatic pain involves maintaining good spinal health. This includes regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, practicing proper body mechanics (e.g., lifting with your legs, not your back), and avoiding prolonged sitting.  In addition, if you have received previous treatment for it, continue to perform your prescribed exercises.


Sciatic pain can be a distressing condition, but understanding its causes and available treatments can provide hope for those suffering from it. If you or someone you know is experiencing persistent sciatic pain, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. This is where Designed 2 Move Spine & Sport physicians can play a significant role in helping find the cause and direct treatment.  With the right approach, many individuals can find relief and regain their quality of life.


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